Common Name: European rabbit
Scientific name: Oryctolagus cuniculus
Introduction:Rabbits came originally from south west Europe and north west Africa. They have been introduce to many countries and in Britain were introduce by the Normans in the twelve century.
The introduction of rabbits were mainly for food and fur and they were kept in enclosed warren. It's not clear when rabbits became feral or escape in large number from their warren.
Since then the population has been so successful that rabbits are often considered as pests, owing to the vast ecological and agricultural damage they can cause.
Feeding Rabbits eat a wide range of herbages but will select the most nutritious ones, hence why they are greatly attracted to agriculture crops. However if unavailable they will switch to what so ever is available even tree barks.
Biology and Behaviour The male is known as a Buck and the female as a Doe Female rabbits can be almost constantly pregnant throughout the breeding season. pregnancy lasts just 28 days and they can be expecting again within half an hour of giving birth. a full grown rabbit is approximately 40cm long ( head to body) and weight about 1.2 - 2.0kg. Their young weight about 30-35g at birth, they are likely to be wean at 3 week old and weight about 150g. Rabbit are generally nocturnal but diurnal in undisturbed habitats
Rabbits will thump their back legs sends a warning to others that predators are about. They used distinctive runs to and from feeding but dislike long grass because it get the their bellies wet if their bellies do get wet they are able to clear the water by shaking the their bodies